Monday, 30 September 2013

Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Cominform and Comecon

Truman Doctrine

Marshall Plan (European Economic Recovery Plan)

(Communist Information Bureau)



Truman was sure that USSR wanted to spread communism.

Britain could no longer afford to support Royalist side in Greek civil war against the communists.

USA stepped in with necessary aid to prevent communism spreading.
Truman did not want to use military forces to prevent communism. 

He believed in economic help to countries that were at a risk of becoming communist.

Increase US exports when Europe recovered.
It was in response to the Truman Doctrine to organise Eastern European communist governments.
It was set up in response to the Marshall Plan

It was a policy in which USSR financially supported Eastern Europe.


It was a policy of containment that was aimed at stopping soviet expansion. 

The Truman Doctrine announced the divide in the world
Aid was given to all war torn countries that were at risk of becoming communist.

Their agriculture and trade were recovered as a result of the Marshall Aid.

They were given cash and technology.
It followed Soviet aims. 

It introduced Soviet-style economic policies like the collectivisation of agriculture and state control of industry.
It meant USSR financially supported Eastern Europe so they relied on the USSR.

As a result the Greek government was able to defeat the communists

Relations between 2 sides soured.

The world divided into 2 sides.

USA was more involved (end of isolationism) in Britain.
Stalin did not trust USA because he believed that the USA wanted to create a sphere of influence in Western Europe (dollar imperialism).

Stalin prevented Eastern European countries from accepting the aid.

Stalin accused Marshall Aid as a beneficial plan for USA (US exports).

By 1953 USA had provided $17 bil to help rebuild European economies.
It benefited the USSR because they used this to purge any member who disagreed with Soviet Policies e.g. Tito.
It benefited the USSR as they controlled the economy of many countries. 

It also allowed USSR to access other countries resources

Soviet could tell other countries to make products for them (specialise in producing specific goods e.g. Hungary produced agricultural goods)