Wednesday, 9 October 2013

Functions of Organelles

Functions of Organelles



Organelle
Function
Nucleus
contains genetic material, which controls the activities of the cell
Cytoplasm
most chemical processes take place here, controlled by enzymes
Cell membrane
controls the movement of substances into and out of the cell
Mitochondria
most energy is released by respiration here
Ribosomes
protein synthesis happens here
Cell wall
strengthens the cell structure
Chloroplasts
Contains chlorophyll, which absorbs light energy for photosynthesis
Permanent vacuole
Filled with cell sap to keep the plant turgid, and contains waste products.