Saturday, 28 September 2013

Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam conferences


Tehran

Nov 43

  • Churchill
  • Roosevelt
  • Stalin
Yalta

Feb 45

  • Churchill
  • Roosevelt
  • Stalin
Potsdam

July 45

  • Atlee
  • Truman
  • Stalin




SITUATION
Big 3 met to talk about Europe

Roosevelt was keen to improve relations

Roosevelt was ill and sided with Stalin
The war was near to ending because Germany was close to defeat

They met to discuss what to do with Germany and Europe.


Different leaders which meant less familiar with relations with leaders.







AGREEMENTS
US and UK agreed to open a second front as soon as possible by invading France.

Soviet Union agreed to wage a war against Japan once Germany was defeated.

To restore peace a United Nation Organisation was to be set up.
Soviet Union agreed to wage a war against Japan once Germany was defeated.

Germany and Berlin were to be divided into 4 zones – one for each superpower (inc. France)

Hunt down and trial Nazi politicians and criminals.
Germany and Berlin were to be divided into 4 zones – one for each superpower as previously discussed.

Germany was to be demilitarized and also free elections to be held to make it a democracy.

Reparations were to be paid with USSR getting the majority as they suffered the most






DISAGREEMENTS
Stalin was annoyed that the other 2 delayed opening of second front. Stalin was sure that the British and Americans wanted to cripple soviet army in order to attack.

There was tension between Britain and Soviet as Churchill was against communism and the Bolshevik Revolution.
The level of reparations. Stalin wanted to cripple the German economy but the decision was delayed till the next conference. 

Stalin wanted the Polish – German border to be west to act as a buffer from further attacks.

He also wanted a Soviet-friendly government in Poland
Since USSR suffered the most, they wanted massive compensation. However, USA did not want a repeat of the Treaty of Versailles in 1919 and saw Germany  as a potential trading partner.

Truman wanted free elections in Soviet controlled countries in Eastern Europe but Stalin refused to bow to pressure which soured relations.